M.A. 1971, Ph.D. 1974, F.J.F. (Japan) 1980, F.I.F.S. (Japan) 2004, F.A.A.I. (Italy) 2010, F.A.C.L.A. (Korea) 2013, ‘Ganga-Ratna’ (Ganga MaS India) 2014, ‘Koshal-Ratna’ (Koshal Ins. India) 2018, has been Professor of Cultural Landscapes & Heritage Studies, and was Head (2013~2015) of Geography Dept., Institute of Science, at Banaras Hindu University. He was born into a traditional farming family, and raised in the interior countryside and at a monastery in central India. In his early childhood, he learnt classical Sanskrit literature and indigenous cosmology in the ashram of a Sadhu. Later, he studied settlement systems, cultural landscapes and sacred geometry, receiving his M.A. (1971) and Ph.D. (1974) from Banaras Hindu University in Varanasi. As a fellow of the Japan Foundation, Rana also studied traditional heritage and cultural landscapes in Japan. Since 1993, his research has focused in the fields of cultural landscapes, sacredscapes, pilgrimage systems, cultural astronomy, faithscapes, heritage planning, and metaphysics of space, while also completing fieldwork in different parts of India, as well as in Sweden, Japan, Korea and Italy. Rana has been a Member of the UNESCO Network of Indian Cities of Living Heritage during 2005-2010. He is a founding Vice-President of BHAI, Big History Association of India (Pune, an affiliate of IBHA, USA), and founding Vice-President of ACLA, Asian Cultural Landscape Association (SNU Seoul, Korea). He has also addressed the ICOMOS-UNESCO Conference on Human Values of World Religious Heritage Sites, Seoul, Korea: 23~24 April 2015, illustrating Hindu religious sites of South and South-East Asia. As visiting scholar he has delivered lectures and seminars abroad (70 places) on these topics at various centres in Australia, Austria, Belgium, China PR, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Indonesia (Bali), Italy, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Philippines, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, USA (& Hawaii), and Russia (USSR). His publications include over 300 papers and 41 books on these subjects, including Banaras (Varanasi), Cosmic Order, Sacred City, Hindu Traditions (1993), Environmental Ethics (1993), The Spirit and Power of Place (1994), Banaras Region: A Spiritual & Cultural Guide (2002, with P.S. Rana), Towards pilgrimage Archetypes: Panchakroshi Yatra of Kashi (2002), Where the Buddha Walked (2003), The Cultural Landscape and the Lifeworld: The Literary Images of Banaras (2004), Banaras, the City Revealed (2005, with George Michell), Banaras, the Heritage City: Geography, History, Bibliography (2009), and the eight books under ‘Planet Earth & Cultural Understanding Series’: ‒ five from Cambridge Scholars Publishing UK: Uprooting Geographic Thoughts in India (2009), Geographical Thoughts in India: Snapshots and Vision for the 21st Century (2009), Cosmic Order & Cultural Astronomy (2009), Banaras, Making of India’s Heritage City (2009), Sacred Geography of Goddesses in South Asia (2010), and ‒ three from Shubhi Publications (New Delhi): Heritagescapes and Cultural Landscapes (2011), Sacredscapes and Pilgrimage Systems (2011), Holy Places and Pilgrimages: Essays on India (2011), and Hindu Tradition of Pilgrimage: Sacred Space and System (2013).
For his works see: https://banaras.academia.edu/RanaPBSINGH/Papers/